Persistence of Spatial Data using JDO

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dataNucleus-spatial allows the use of DataNucleus as persistence layer for geospatial applications in an environment that supports the OGC SFA specification. It allows the persistence of the Java geometry types from the JTS topology suite as well as those from the PostGIS project.

In this tutorial, we perform the basic persistence operations over spatial types using MySQL/MariaDB and Postgis products.

  1. Step 1 : Install the database server and spatial extensions.
  2. Step 2 : Download DataNucleus and PostGis libraries.
  3. Step 3 : Design and implement the persistent data model.
  4. Step 4 : Design and implement the persistent code.
  5. Step 5 : Run your application.

Step 1 : Install the database server and spatial extensions

Download MySQL/MariaDB database and PostGIS. Install MySQL/MariaDB and PostGis. During PostGis installation, you will be asked to select the database schema where the spatial extensions will be enabled. You will use this schema to run the tutorial application.

Step 2 : Download DataNucleus and PostGis libraries

Download the DataNucleus core, RDBMS and Spatial jars and any dependencies. Configure your development environment by adding the PostGIS and JDO jars to the classpath.

Step 3 : Design and implement the persistent data model

package org.datanucleus.samples.spatial;

import org.postgis.Point;

public class Position
    private String name;

    private Point point;

    public Position(String name, Point point)
    { = name;
        this.point = point;

    public String getName()
        return name;
    public Point getPoint()
        return point;
    public String toString()
        return "[name] "+ name + " [point] "+point;
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE jdo SYSTEM "file:/javax/jdo/jdo.dtd">
	<package name="org.datanucleus.samples.jdo.spatial">
		<extension vendor-name="datanucleus" key="spatial-dimension" value="2"/>
		<extension vendor-name="datanucleus" key="spatial-srid" value="4326"/>
		<class name="Position" table="spatialpostut" detachable="true">
			<field name="name"/>
			<field name="point" persistence-modifier="persistent"/>

The above JDO metadata has two extensions spatial-dimension and spatial-srid. These settings specifies the format of the spatial data. SRID stands for spatial referencing system identifier and Dimension the number of coordinates.

Step 4 : Design and implement the persistent code

In this tutorial, we query for all locations where the X coordinate is greater than 10 and Y coordinate is 0.

package org.datanucleus.samples.spatial;

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;

import javax.jdo.JDOHelper;
import javax.jdo.PersistenceManager;
import javax.jdo.PersistenceManagerFactory;
import javax.jdo.Query;
import javax.jdo.Transaction;

import org.postgis.Point;

public class Main
    public static void main(String args[]) throws SQLException
        // Create a PersistenceManagerFactory for this datastore
        PersistenceManagerFactory pmf = JDOHelper.getPersistenceManagerFactory("MyUnit");

        System.out.println("DataNucleus JDO Spatial Sample");

        // Persistence of a Product and a Book.
        PersistenceManager pm = pmf.getPersistenceManager();
        Transaction tx=pm.currentTransaction();
            //create objects

            Position[] sps = new Position[3];
            Point[] points = new Point[3];
            points[0] = new Point("SRID=4326;POINT(5 0)");
            points[1] = new Point("SRID=4326;POINT(10 0)");
            points[2] = new Point("SRID=4326;POINT(20 0)");
            sps[0] = new Position("market",points[0]);
            sps[1] = new Position("rent-a-car",points[1]);
            sps[2] = new Position("pizza shop",points[2]);
            Point homepoint = new Point("SRID=4326;POINT(0 0)");
            Position home = new Position("home",homepoint);

            System.out.println("Persisting spatial data...");


            //query for the distance

            Double distance = new Double(12.0);
            System.out.println("Retriving position where distance to home is less than "+distance+" ... Found:");
            Query query = pm.newQuery(Position.class, "name != 'home' && Spatial.distance(this.point, :homepoint) < :distance");
            List list = (List) query.execute(homepoint, distance);
            for( int i=0; i<list.size(); i++)
            //clean up database.. just for fun :)

            if (tx.isActive())

        System.out.println("End of Tutorial");

We define a persistence.xml file with connection properties to MySQL

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<persistence xmlns=""

    <persistence-unit name="MyTest">
        <exclude-unlisted-classes />
            <property name="javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL" value="jdbc:mysql://"/>
            <property name="javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
            <property name="javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName" value="mysql"/>
            <property name="javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword" value=""/>

            <property name="datanucleus.schema.autoCreateAll" value="true"/>
            <property name="datanucleus.schema.autoCreateColumns" value="true"/>


Step 5 : Run your application

Before running the application, you must enhancethe persistent classes. Finally, configure the application classpath with the DataNucleus Core, DataNucleus RDBMS, DataNucleus Spatial, JDO2, MySQL and PostGis libraries and run the application as any other java application.

The output for the application is:

DataNucleus JDO Spatial Sample
Persisting spatial data...
[name] home [point] SRID=4326;POINT(0 0)
[name] market [point] SRID=4326;POINT(5 0)
[name] rent-a-car [point] SRID=4326;POINT(10 0)
[name] pizza shop [point] SRID=4326;POINT(20 0)

Retrieving position where X position is > 10 and Y position is 0 ... Found:
[name] pizza shop [point] SRID=4326;POINT(20 0)

End of Sample