JPA : Bean Validation

The Bean Validation API (JSR0303) can be hooked up with JPA so that you have validation of an objects values prior to persistence, update and deletion. To do this

  • Put the javax.validation "validation-api" jar in your CLASSPATH, along with the Bean Validation implementation jar of your choice
  • Set the persistence property javax.persistence.validation.mode to one of auto (default), none, or callback
  • Optionally set the persistence property(s),, to fine tune the behaviour (the default is to run validation on pre-persist and pre-update if you don't specify these).
  • Use JPA as you normally would for persisting objects

To give a simple example of what you can do with the Bean Validation API

public class Person 
    private Long id;

    @Size(min = 3, max = 80)
    private String name;


So we are validating that instances of the Person class will have an "id" that is not null and that the "name" field is not null and between 3 and 80 characters. If it doesn't validate then at persist/update an exception will be thrown. You can add bean validation annotations to classes marked as @Entity, @MappedSuperclass or @Embeddable.

A further use of the Bean Validation annotations @Size(max=...) and @NotNull is that if you specify these then you have no need to specify the equivalent JPA attributes since they equate to the same thing.